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2002 Oregon CD Statistics: Hepatitis B (chronic)

 


Persons with chronic hepatitis B are known as "chronic carriers" ?a state of infection which exists when hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) persists in the blood for more than six months. The likelihood of becoming a chronic carrier is affected by the age at infection. Fewer than 6% of acutely infected adults in the US become carriers, compared to some 25% (with HBeAg-negative moms) to 90% (with HBeAg-positive moms) of children infected in early childhood or during birth. Perinatal infection can be prevented by prompt administration of hepatitis B immune globulin and initiation of the three-dose hepatitis B vaccination series.

This perinatal intervention is widely practiced in the US ? all states have federal funding for perinatal hepatitis B prevention programs ? but not in other parts of the world, particularly Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B is higher to begin with. In Oregon, 50% of chronic carriers were born in hepatitis-B-endemic countries. Chronic carriers are at greater risk of developing life-threatening diseases (e.g., chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, and/or liver cancer) decades later. Carriers will sustain transmission of hepatitis B in the US until vaccine-induced immunity is nearly universal.

The number of chronic carriers reported each year in Oregon is four times the number of acute cases. Keep in mind that these are newly-reported carriers, not people who have newly become carriers. Newly-reported carriers are older than acute cases. Chronic carriers are not reportable in many of the US states, so a table comparing Oregon to the rest of the US is not given.

Hepatitis B (chronic) by Year
Hepatitis B (chronic) by Onset Month
Hepatitis B (chronic) by Age and Sex
Hepatitis B (chronic): Oregon vs. U.S.
Hepatitis B (chronic) by County
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Current Page: Hepatitis B (chronic). Hepatitis B (chronic)
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Hepatitis B (chronic) : Summary by Year, by Age and Sex, by County
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2002 Reportable Communicable Disease Summary
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