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2002 Oregon CD Statistics: Tuberculosis

 



Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

The most common site for active TB disease is the lung; however, TB can occur in any organ in the body. TB is spread when a person develops active pulmonary or laryngeal TB, coughs the bacteria into the air, and another person inhales them into their lungs.

TB is preventable, treatable, and curable. TB can be prevented by diagnosing and treating persons with active TB disease; and by identifying and treating persons with "latent" TB infection, who, if untreated, are likely to develop active TB disease. Reporting of TB ensures that cases are treated and contacts are identified and offered preventive antibiotics.

A total of 111 cases of active TB disease were verified in Oregon in 2002, for a rate of 3.5 cases per 100,000 residents. Ten percent of Oregon patients? mycobacterial isolates were resistant to isoniazid (INH); therefore, we recommend that initial treatment for active TB in Oregon include four drugs: INH, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol pending susceptibility testing. The Oregon TB rate of 3.5/100,000 meets the Healthy People 2000 Goal of <3.5/100,000; however, reduced morbidity leads to decreased awareness and delays in diagnosis and treatment.

Tuberculosis by Year
Tuberculosis by Onset Month
Tuberculosis by Age and Sex
Tuberculosis: Oregon vs. U.S.
Tuberculosis by County
Tuberculosis by Race/Ethnicity
Tuberculosis by country of origin
AIDS
Campylobacteriosis
Chlamydiosis
Cryptosporidiosis
Escherichia coli O157 infection
Giardiasis
Gonorrhea
Haemophilus influenzae infection
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B (acute)
Hepatitis B (chronic)
Lyme Disease
Malaria
Measles
Meningococcal disease
Pertussis
Salmonellosis
Shigellosis
Early Syphilis
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Tuberculosis: Summary by Year, by Age and Sex, by County
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2002 Reportable Communicable Disease Summary
Complete
Report

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(767K)
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