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2003 Oregon CD Statistics: AIDS

 



AIDS and HIV Infection

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is spread through unprotected sex and sharing injection drug equipment with an HIV-infected partner, and less frequently, through blood transfusions and breast feeding. Disease morbidity is monitored to provide information to people and agencies designing public health interventions and to promote treatment options for those infected with HIV. The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) represents the late stage of HIV infection, indicated by either low CD4 (immune system) cell counts or the manifestation of an opportunistic condition indicative of poor immune system functioning. Although there is no cure for HIV or AIDS, there are drug treatments that can prolong and enhance the quality of life. HIV infection can be prevented by abstaining from sex outside of a monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner and by not injecting recreational drugs. Those who are sexually active outside of a mutually monogamous relationship or who inject drugs can protect themselves by using a condom when engaging in sexual activity and by not sharing injection drug equipment. Pregnant women who are infected with HIV can minimize transmission of infection to their fetus by taking zidovudine during pregnancy. From 1981 through 2003, 5,571 cases of AIDS were reported in Oregon, including 3,072 deaths. Men accounted for 5,146 cases (92%), and there were 425 female cases (8%). Most cases have been white (4,815, 86%) with 296 (5%) African Americans, 349 (6%) Hispanics, 48 (<1%) Asians, and 61 (1%) Native Americans reported. Only 18 cases of pediatric AIDS have been reported in Oregon. In 2003, 174 cases of AIDS were reported.


HIV infection (as opposed to AIDS) became reportable in Oregon on October 1, 2001. Through December 2003, 1,209 cases of HIV were reported. One hundred twenty-seven of those were newly diagnosed in 2003.


AIDS by year

New HIV Infection by year 


AIDS by month

New HIV Infection by month 


AIDS by age and sex

New HIV Infection by age and sex 


AIDS rates Oregon vs. US
AIDS by county

New HIV infection by county

Current Page: AIDS. AIDS
Campylobacteriosis 
Chlamydiosis 
Cryptosporidiosis 
Escherichia coli O157 infection  
Giardiasis 
Gonorrhea 
Haemophilus influenzae infection  
Hepatitis A 
Hepatitis B (acute) 
Hepatitis B (chronic) 
Lyme Disease 
Malaria 
Measles 
Meningococcal disease 
Pertussis 
Salmonellosis 
Shigellosis
Early Syphilis 
Tuberculosis 
Tularemia 
Yersiniosis

Download Options for Printing.Print Options:

AIDS and HIV Infection: Summary by Year, by Age and Sex, by County
(pdf)
(97K)


2003 Communicable Disease Summary 
Complete
Report

(pdf)
(776K)

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