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2003 Oregon select reportable disease cases and incidence-Salmonellosis

2003 Reportable Communicable Disease Summary


Report Index

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is bacterial illness characterized by acute abdominal pain, diarrhea, and often fever that begins 12 hours to 5 days after infection. In cases of enterocolitis, fecal excretion usually persists for several days or weeks beyond the acute phase of illness; antibiotics generally have no effect on the illness and, in fact, may increase the duration of excretion of organisms. The majority of human infections are thought to result from the ingestion of fecally contaminated food or water. Undercooked or raw products of animal origin such as eggs, milk, meat, and poultry have been implicated as common sources of human salmonellosis. A wide range of domestic and wild animals are carriers of Salmonella, including poultry, swine, cattle, rodents, iguanas, tortoises, turtles, terrapins, chicks, dogs and cats. Though uncommon, person-to-person spread can occur in humans ? via patients, convalescent carriers and, especially, mild and unrecognized cases. The incidence of infection is highest in infants and young children.


Of approximately 2,500 known serotypes, only about 200 are detected in the US in any given year. In Oregon, S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis are the two most commonly reported.


Salmonellosis by Year
Salmonellosis by Onset Month
Salmonellosis by Age and Sex
Salmonellosis: Oregon vs. US
Salmonellosis by County
Salmonella by Serotype
AIDS
Campylobacteriosis 
Chlamydiosis 
Cryptosporidiosis 
Escherichia coli O157 infection  
Giardiasis 
Gonorrhea 
Haemophilus influenzae infection  
Hepatitis A 
Hepatitis B (acute) 
Hepatitis B (chronic) 
Lyme Disease 
Malaria 
Measles 
Meningococcal disease 
Pertussis 
Current Page: Salmonellosis. Salmonellosis 
Shigellosis
Early Syphilis 
Tuberculosis 
Tularemia 
Yersiniosis

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Salmonellosis: Summary by Year, by Age and Sex, by County
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2003 Reportable Communicable Disease Summary
Complete
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