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Ebola Virus Disease

Factsheet

​Ebola disease is caused by the Ebola virus and is one of a number of hemorrhagic fever diseases. Ebola disease causes severe illness in which 50-90 percent of those infected die. Ebola disease was first discovered in 1976 in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo near the Ebola River.

Ebola symptoms include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and lack of appetite. Some patients have a rash, red eyes, hiccups, cough, sore throat, chest pain, difficulty breathing or swallowing, or bleeding inside and outside the body.

Symptoms usually start 4-10 days after coming into contact with Ebola virus but can occur as early as 2 days to up to 21 days after exposure.

Health care providers caring for Ebola patients and family and friends in close contact with an ill person are at highest risk because they may come into contact with blood or body fluids.



Disease Reporting

What is required?

Health care providers and clinical laboratories

Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of Ebola to local health departments immediately, day or night. Call 971-673-1111 to reach the state health department doctor on call.

For County Health Departments

County health departments are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of Ebola to the state health department immediately, day or night, by contacting the on-call epidemiologist at 971-673-1111. 

Ebola (Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers) Investigative Guidelines (pdf)


See Also