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Emerging Respiratory Infections



Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 fact sheet (pdf)
Enterovirus D68 fact sheet in Spanish (pdf)
Enterovirus D68 fact sheet in Russian (pdf)
Enterovirus D68 fact sheet in Ukranian (pdf)
Enterovirus D68 fact sheet in Vietnamese (pdf)
Enterovirus D68 fact sheet in traditional Chinese (pdf)

CDC Infographic

Enteroviruses are common causes of illness, especially among infants and children. Many cases are mild or asymptomatic. In August 2014, hospitals in Missouri and Illinois admitted more children than usual with respiratory illness, some of which was caused by enterovirus D68 (EV-D68).

Initial reports suggest that those at increased risk for severe illness include children under the age of 5 and those with chronic lung disease, including asthma.

People can protect themselves and others from respiratory illness:

  • Wash hands often with soap and water. For enteroviruses, alcohol hand sanitizer is not a replacement for washing with soap and water.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. If you don’t have a tissue, cover your mouth with your sleeve.
  • Avoid kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick
  • Disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs, especially if someone is sick.
  • If you are sick, stay home to avoid exposing others at school or in the workplace. 
For Healthcare Providers
For Local Health Departments

Information for Local Health Departments (pdf)

Local health departments should call the ACDP on-call epidemiologist regarding inquiries about testing: (971) 673-1111.

Disease Reporting ​

Individual cases of EV-D68 are not reportable in Oregon. Healthcare providers are required by law to report suspected outbreaks of EV-D68 illness to local health departments immediately.

See our disease reporting page for information on how to report and for telephone numbers of local health departments.


H7N9 Influenza A

In April 2013, an outbreak of human infections caused by an avian influenza A (H7N9) virus was first reported in China by the World Health Organization. As of May 2014, the outbreak has resulted in more than 400 lab-confirmed human infections. The infection has been fatal for 1 n 4 of those ill.  The virus was subsequently detected in poultry. There is no evidence of sustained spread of the virus between people, and most people that were infected have had known contact with poultry. There have been no cases detected in the United States. Influenza viruses are constantly changing and it's possible that the influenza A (H7N9) virus could change enough to spread among people. People can protect themselves and others from influenza infection by washing their hands, covering their mouths when they cough or sneeze, and staying home when they are sick. 

For more information about influenza, both novel and seasonal, see the Public Health Division Influenza page.

For Healthcare Providers
For Local Health Departments
Disease Reporting ​
Healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report suspect cases of novel influenza strains like H7N9 to local health departments immediately, day or night. If you cannot reach your local health department, call 971-673-1111 to reach the state health department doctor on call.
 
See our disease reporting page for information on how to report and for telephone numbers of local health departments.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV)

Go to the MERS Diseases A-Z page 

For Healthcare Providers
For Local Health Departments
Disease Reporting ​
Healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report suspect cases of MERS to local health departments immediately, day or night. If you cannot reach your local health department, call 971-673-1111 to reach the state health department doctor on call.
 
See our disease reporting page for information on how to report and for telephone numbers of local health departments.


Disease Reporting

For information on disease reporting, refer to the sections above for each disease. 


See Also