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Smallpox (vaccine-preventable)


Smallpox was an acute, contagious, and often fatal disease caused by the variola (vǝ-r’- ǝ-lǝ) virus (an orthopoxvirus), and marked by fever and a distinctive, progressive skin rash. In 1980, the disease was declared eradicated following worldwide vaccination programs. The last case of smallpox in the United States was in 1949. The last naturally occurring case in the world was in Somalia in 1977. After the disease was declared eradicated, routine vaccination against smallpox among the general public was deemed no longer necessary and stopped.


Disease Reporting

 
Health-care providers and clinical laboratories:
Health care providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report cases and suspect cases of smallpox to local health departments immediately, day or night.
 
Local health departments should, in turn, call 971-673-1111 immediately to reach the Oregon Public Health Division epidemiologist on call.
 
 
See our disease reporting page for information on how to report and for telephone numbers of local health departments. 
 

For county health departments:

Smallpox: Investigative guidelines (pdf)
CDC Smallpox Response Plan and Guidelines

See Also