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Oregon PRAMS 2009
  • ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
    • During the 3 months before you got pregnant, how many alcoholic drinks did you have in an average week?  2009*
    • During the 3 months before you got pregnant, how many times did you drink 4 alcoholic drinks or more in one sitting?  A sitting is a 2 hour time span. 2009*
    • During the last 3 months of your pregnancy, how many alcoholic drinks did you have in an average week?  2009*
    • During the last 3 months of your pregnancy, how many times did you drink 4 alcoholic drinks or more in one sitting? A sitting is a 2 hour time span. 2009*
    • During any of your prenatal care visits, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker ask if you were drinking alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, wine cooler, or liquor)?  2009*

  • BIRTH CERTIFICATE VARIABLES
    • Mother's Age  2009*
    • Maternal Education  2009*
    • Mother's Race/Ethnicity as defined by CDC for PRAMS  2009*
    • Prenatal Care Initiation   2009*
    • Birthweight  2009*
    • Marital Status  2009*
    • WIC Enrollment  2009*
    • Parity  2009*
    • Tobacco Use During Pregnancy  2009*
    • Alcohol Use During Pregnancy  2009*

  • BREAST-FEEDING
    • Did you ever breastfeed or pump breast milk to feed your new baby after delivery,  even for a short period of time? 2009*
    • Are you currently breastfeeding or feeding pumped milk to your new baby? 2009*
    • How many weeks or months did you breastfeed or pump milk to feed your new baby?  2009*
    • How old was your new baby the first time he or she drank liquids other than breast milk (such as formula, water, juice, tea, or cow’s milk)? 2009*
    • How old was your new baby the first time he or she ate food (such as baby cereal, baby food, or any other food)?  2009*
    • This question asks about things that may have happened at the hospital where your new baby was born:
      • Hospital staff gave me information about breastfeeding  2009*
      • My baby stayed in the same room with me at the hospital  2009*
      • I breastfed my baby in the hospital  2009*
      • I breastfed in the first hour after my baby was born 2009*
      • Hospital staff helped me learn how to breastfeed  2009*
      • My baby was fed only breast milk at the hospital  2009*
      • Hospital staff told me to breastfeed whenever my baby wanted  2009*
      • The hospital gave me a gift pack with formula  2009*
      • The hospital gave me a telephone number to call for help with breastfeeding  2009*
      • My baby used a pacifier in the hospital  2009*

  • DEMOGRAPHICS
    • Is your baby alive now?  2009*
    • Is your baby living with you now?  2009*
    • During the 12 months before your new baby was born, what was your yearly total household income before taxes? 2009*
    • During the 12 months before your new baby was born, how many people, including yourself, depended on this income?  2009*
    • Body Mass Index  2009*

  • DEPRESSION
    • During any of your prenatal care visits, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk with you about any of the things listed below?
      • What to do if I feel depressed during my pregnancy or after my baby is born 2009*

  • FAMILY PLANNING
    • How many weeks or months pregnant were you when you were sure you were pregnant?  2009*
    • When you got pregnant with your new baby, were you trying to get pregnant?  2009*
    • When you got pregnant with your new baby, were you or your husband or partner doing anything to keep from getting pregnant?  2009*
    • What were your reasons or your husband’s or partner’s reasons for not doing anything to keep from getting pregnant? 2009*
    • When you got pregnancy with your new baby, what were you or your husband or partner using to keep from getting pregnant? 2009*
    • Are you or your husband or partner doing anything now to keep from getting pregnant?  2009*
    • What are your reasons or your husband’s or partner’s reasons for not doing anything to keep from getting pregnant now? 2009*
    • What kind of birth control are you or your husband or partner using now to keep from getting pregnant?  2009*

  • FLU SHOTS AND IMMUNIZATIONS
    • At any time during your most recent pregnancy, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker offer you a flu vaccination or tell you to get one? 2009*
    • Did your new baby have any well-baby shots or vaccinations before he or she was 3 months old? 2009*
    • Since your new baby was born, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker offer you the Tdap (pertussis/whooping cough) vaccine for yourself? 2009*

  • FOLIC ACID
    • During the month before you got pregnant with your new baby, how many times a week did you take a multivitamin, a prenatal vitamin, or a folic acid vitamin? 2009*

  • FOOD SECURITY
    • During the 12 months before your new baby was born, did you ever eat less than you felt you should because there wasn't enough money to buy food?  2009*

  • HIV
    • At any time during your most recent pregnancy or delivery, did you have a test for HIV (the virus that causes AIDS)?  2009*

  • INFANT HEALTH CARE
    • After your baby was born, was he or she put in an intensive care unit?  2009*
    • After your baby was born, how long did he or she stay in the hospital?  2009*
    • Was your new baby seen by a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker for a one week check-up after he or she was born? 2009*

  • INFANT SLEEP POSITION & CO-SLEEPING
    • In which one position do you most often lay your baby down to sleep now? 2009*

  • INSURANCE COVERAGE
    • During the month before you got pregnant with your new baby, were you covered by any of these health insurance plans? 2009*
    • Did any of these health insurance plans help you pay for your prenatal care? 2009*
    • Did any of these health insurance plans help you pay for the delivery of your new baby? 2009*

  • INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE (IPV)
    • During the 12 months before you got pregnant  with your new baby, did your husband or partner push, hit, slap, kick, choke, or physically hurt you in any other way? 2009*
    • During your most recent pregnancy, did your husband or partner push, hit, slap, kick, choke, or physically hurt you in any other way? 2009*

  • MERCURY
    • During any of your prenatal care visits, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk with you about how eating fish containing high levels of mercury could affect your baby?  2009*

  • ORAL HEALTH
    • This question is about the care of your teeth during your most recent pregnancy.
      • I needed to see a dentist for a problem  2009*
      • I went to a dentist or dental clinic  2009*
      • A dental or other health care worker talked with me about how to care for my teeth and gums  2009*
    • Since your new baby was born, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk with you about how to prevent your baby from getting tooth decay? 2009*

  • PRECONCEPTION HEALTH
    • At any time during the 12 months before you got pregnant with your new baby, did you do any of the following things?
      • I was dieting (changing my eating habits) to lose weight 2009*
      • I was exercising 3 or more days of the week 2009*
      • I was regularly taking prescription medicines other than birth control 2009*
      • I visited a health care worker to be checked or treated for diabetes 2009*
      • I visited a health care worker to be checked or treated for high blood pressure 2009*
      • I visited a health care worker to be checked or treated for depression or anxiety 2009*
      • I talked to a health care worker about my family medical history 2009*
      • I had my teeth cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist 2009*
    • Before you got pregnant with your new baby, were you ever told by a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker that you had Type1 or Type 2 diabetes? 2009*

  • PREGNANCY HISTORY
    • Before you got pregnant with your new baby, did you ever have any other babies who were born alive?  2009*
    • Did the baby born just before your new one weigh more than 5 pounds, 8 ounces (2.5 kilos) at birth? 2009*
    • Was the baby just before your new one born more than 3 weeks before his or her due date? 2009*

  • PREGNANCY INTENDEDNESS
    • Thinking back to just before you got pregnant with your new baby, how did you feel about becoming pregnant?  2009*
    • How much later did you want to become pregnant? 2009*

  • PRENATAL CARE
    • How many weeks or months pregnant were you when you had your first visit for prenatal care?  2009*
    • Did you get prenatal care as early in your pregnancy as you wanted?  2009*
    • Did any of these things keep you from getting prenatal care at all or as early as you wanted?
      • I couldn't get an appointment when I wanted one  2009*
      • I didn't have enough money or insurance to pay for my visits  2009*
      •  I had no transportation to get to the clinic or doctor’s office 2009*
      • I couldn’t take time off from work or school 2009*
      • The doctor or my health plan would not start care as early as I wanted  2009*
      • I didn't have my Oregon Health Plan or Medicaid card  2009*
      • I had no one to take care of my children  2009*
      • I had too many other things going on  2009*
      • I didn’t want anyone else to know I was pregnant 2009*
      • I didn’t know I was pregnant 2009*
      • I didn’t want prenatal care 2009*
    • Where did you go most of the time for your prenatal care visits? 2009*
    • During any of your prenatal care visits, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk with you about any of the things listed below? Please count only discussions, not reading materials or videos.
      • How smoking during pregnancy could affect my baby  2009*
      • Breastfeeding my baby  2009*
      • How drinking alcohol during pregnancy could affect my baby  2009*
      • Using a seat belt during my pregnancy  2009*
      • Medicines that are safe to take during my pregnancy  2009*
      • How using illegal drugs could affect my baby  2009*
      • Doing tests to screen for birth defects or diseases that run in my family  2009*
      • The signs and symptoms of preterm labor (labor more than 3 weeks before the baby is due) 2009*
      • What to do if my labor starts early  2009*
      • Getting tested for HIV (the virus that causes AIDS)  2009*
      • Physical abuse to women by their husbands or partners  2009*

  • PRENATAL STRESS
    • This question is about things that may have happened during the 12 months before your new baby was born.
      • A close family member was very sick and had to go into the hospital  2009*
      • I got separated or divorced from my husband or partner  2009*
      • I moved to a new address  2009*
      • I was homeless  2009*
      • My husband or partner lost his job  2009*
      • I lost my job even though I wanted to go on working  2009*
      • I argued with my husband or partner more than usual  2009*
      • My husband or partner said he didn't want me to be pregnant  2009*
      • I had a lot of bills I couldn't pay  2009*
      • I was in a physical fight  2009*
      • My husband or partner or I went to jail  2009*
      • Someone very close to me had a bad problem with drinking or drugs  2009*
      • Someone very close to me died  2009*
    • Did you have any of the following problems during your most recent pregnancy?
      • Vaginal bleeding  2009*
      • Kidney or bladder (urinary tract) infection  2009*
      • Severe nausea, vomiting or dehydration  2009*
      • Cervix had to be sewn shut (cerclage for incompetent cervix) 2009*
      • High blood pressure, hypertension (including pregnancy-induced hypertension [PIH]), preeclampsia, or toxemia  2009*
      • Problems with the placenta (such as abruptio placentae or placenta previa)  2009*
      • Labor pains more than 3 weeks before my baby was due (preterm or early labor)  2009*
      • Water broke more than 3 weeks before my baby was due (premature rupture of membranes [PROM])  2009*
      • I had to have a blood transfusion  2009*
      • I was hurt in a car accident  2009*

  • SOCIAL SERVICES
    • During your most recent pregnancy, did you receive any of the following services?
      • Help with an alcohol or drug problem  2009*
      • Help to reduce violence in your home  2009*
      • Counseling information for family and personal problems  2009*

  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
    • During your most recent pregnancy, would you have had the kind of help listed below if you needed them?
      • Someone to loan me $50 2009*
      • Someone to help me if I were sick and needed to be in bed 2009*
      • Someone to take me to the clinic or doctor’s office if I needed a ride 2009*
      • Someone to talk with about my problems 2009*

  • TOBACCO USE
    • Have you smoked any cigarettes in the past 2 years? 2009*
    • In the 3 months before you got pregnant, how many cigarettes did you smoke on an average day?  2009*
    • In the last 3 months of your pregnancy, how many cigarettes did you smoke on an average day?  2009*
    • How many cigarettes do you smoke on an average day now 2009*
    • During any of your prenatal care visits, did a doctor, nurse or other health care worker ask if you were smoking cigarettes?  2009*
    • During any of your prenatal care visits or after your most recent delivery, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker ever advise you to quit smoking?  2009*
    • During any of your prenatal care visits or after your most recent delivery, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk with you about how secondhand smoke could affect your baby after birth?  2009*
    • Which of the following statements best describes the rules about smoking inside your home now?  2009*
    • Listed below are some things about quitting smoking that a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker might have done during any of your prenatal care visits.
      • Spend time with you discussing how to quit smoking 2009*
      • Suggest that you set a specific date to stop smoking 2009*
      • Suggest you attend a class or program to stop smoking 2009*
      • Provide you with booklets, videos, or other materials to help you quit smoking on your own 2009*
      • Refer you to counseling for help with quitting 2009*
      • Ask if a family member or friend would support your decision to quit 2009*
      • Refer you to a national or state quit line 2009*
      • Recommend using nicotine gum 2009*
      • Recommend using a nicotine patch 2009*
      • Prescribe a nicotine nasal spray or nicotine inhaler 2009*
      • Prescribe a pill like Zyban (also known as Wellbutrin or Bupropion) or Chantix (also known as Verenicline) to help you quit 2009*
    • At any time during your most recent pregnancy, did you stop smoking for one day or longer because you were trying to quit? 2009*

  • WIC (WOMEN, INFANTS & CHILDREN'S NUTRITION PROGRAM)
    • During your most recent pregnancy, were you on WIC (the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children)?  2009*

*2002-2009 Data collected under Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) protocol.