State advising travelers on Zika ahead of Olympics, Paralympics
Confirmed Zika Cases
in Oregon, 2016
10 things Oregonians should know about Zika
- Zika is primarily mosquito-borne, but anyone who has a Zika infection with symptoms can also spread it during sexual activities.
- Two types of mosquitoes are known to spread Zika virus; neither lives in Oregon. We do not know if mosquitoes in Oregon could transmit Zika if the virus were introduced. Mosquito monitoring and control efforts are underway.
- Most people infected with Zika do not have symptoms. Those who have symptoms of Zika may develop rash, fever, joint pain and redness of the eyes. Zika symptoms are usually mild and serious illness requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
- Zika can cause birth defects, including microcephaly, when pregnant mothers are infected.
- Zika may also be linked to Guillain-Barré Syndrome, but further research is needed.
- There is no treatment or vaccine for Zika, though research is underway. There are currently three ways to prevent the spread of Zika:
- Protect your skin from mosquito bites during travel to a Zika-affected area and for three weeks after.
- Avoid unprotected sex with people who could be infected with Zika.
- Eliminate standing water and places mosquitos live.
- A handful of Zika cases have occurred in Oregon in recent years; all were associated with travel to areas with active Zika transmission.
- The Oregon Health Authority is working with local health departments and Oregon healthcare providers to identify and test appropriate persons for Zika virus. to identify and test appropriate persons for Zika virus.
- The Oregon State Public Health Laboratory can test for Zika in people who meet public health testing criteria.
- The CDC recommends:
- Pregnant women should not travel to areas where Zika is circulating.
- Women and men returning from a Zika-affected area should delay seeking pregnancy to reduce the risk from Zika.
- People returning from a Zika-affected region, both men and women, should avoid sex or use a condom during any sexual activity with their pregnant partner. Although more research is needed, other barrier methods like dental dams or latex sheets may provide some degree of protection.
Resources from the CDC
For Public Health Partners in Oregon