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Emerging Infections

Societal, technological, and environmental factors continue to have a dramatic effect on infectious diseases worldwide, facilitating the emergence of new diseases and the reemergence of old ones, sometimes in drug-resistant forms. In response to these infectious disease threats, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) in 1995 to develop centers of excellence in infectious disease surveillance and applied public health research in selected state health departments across the United States.

The CDC - EIP network now includes 10 state health departments (CA, CO, CT, GA, MD, MN, NM, NY, OR, TN) and their collaborators in local health departments, academic institutions, other federal agencies, public health and clinical laboratories, infection preventionists, and healthcare providers. The EIP population is roughly representative of the U.S. population on the basis of demographic characteristics such as age, gender, race, and urban residence, as well as health indicators such as population density and percent at or below the poverty level.

The cornerstone of the program is its emphasis on active population-based surveillance for infections of public health importance; these surveillance data are used to generate reliable estimates of the incidence of these infections and provide the starting point for further exploration of risk factors, spectrum of disease, and better strategies for prevention and control. To learn more go to CDC - EIP.

The State of Oregon’s Emerging Infections Program is housed in the Oregon Health Authority's Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention Department and includes these core activities:

(ABCs) Active population-based laboratory surveillance for invasive bacterial disease due to: groups A and B streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
FoodNet is an active laboratory and population-based surveillance system to monitor the incidence of foodborne diseases of local and national public health importance.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAI)
Active population-based surveillance for healthcare-associated infections, as well as broad studies of HAI prevalence and methods to improve HAI surveillance.
Active population-based surveillance for laboratory confirmed influenza-related hospitalizations.

To see all Oregon Emerging Infections Program special studies go to EIP special studies.

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