Enteroviruses are common causes of illness, especially among infants and children. Many cases are mild or asymptomatic. In August 2014, hospitals in Missouri and Illinois admitted more children than usual with respiratory illness, some of which was caused by enterovirus D68 (EV-D68). EV-D68 is now circulating across the U.S., including in Oregon.
Initial reports suggest that those at increased risk for severe illness include children under the age of 5 and those with chronic lung disease, including asthma.
People can protect themselves and others from respiratory illness:
Wash hands often with soap and water. For enteroviruses, alcohol hand sanitizer is not a replacement for washing with soap and water.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. If you don’t have a tissue, cover your mouth with your sleeve.
Avoid kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick
Disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs, especially if someone is sick.
If you are sick, stay home to avoid exposing others at school or in the workplace.
For Healthcare Providers
For Local Health Departments
Enterovirus D68 Infections: Information for Local Health Departments (pdf)
Local health departments should call the ACDP on-call epidemiologist regarding inquiries about testing: (971) 673-1111.
Individual cases of EV-D68 are not reportable in Oregon. Healthcare providers are required by law to report suspected outbreaks of EV-D68 illness to local health departments immediately.
See our disease reporting page for information on how to report and for telephone numbers of local health departments.
H7N9 Influenza A
Human infections with a new avian influenza A (H7N9) virus were first reported in China in March 2013. Most of these infections are believed to result from exposure to infected poultry or contaminated environments, as H7N9 viruses have also been found in poultry in China. While some human H7N9 cases have been mild, most patients have developed severe respiratory illness, with about one-third resulting in death.
There is no evidence of sustained person-to-person spread of the virus, and most people who were infected have had known contact with poultry. There have been no cases detected in the United States.
Influenza viruses constantly change, and it’s possible that this virus could change enough to spread among people. People can protect themselves and others from influenza infection by washing their hands, covering their mouths when they cough or sneeze, and staying home when sick.
For more information about influenza, both novel and seasonal, see the Public Health Division Influenza page.
Healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required by law to report suspect cases
of MERS to local health departments immediately, day or night. If you cannot reach your local health department, call 971-673-1111 to reach the state health department doctor on call.