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Breastfeeding Laws

State and federal laws support and recognize the importance of breastfeeding. These laws and regulations address barriers to breastfeeding by requiring workplace support for breastfeeding, affirming a woman’s right to breastfeed in public (including public swimming pools) and jury duty exemption.

On this page:

Oregon and federal workplace laws

Both Oregon and federal laws ensure workplace support for breastfeeding mothers. The law that provides the greater protection to nursing mothers is what applies. Federal law does not preempt state law.

Oregon law
Federal law
Based on Oregon and federal law:
  1. Requirement to meet lactation accommodation applies to all employers. Only employers with fewer than 50 employees across the whole state can ask the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI) to be exempt because of undue hardship.
  2. There is a $1000 fine per incident for non-compliance that can be imposed by BOLI.
  3. Age of child: up to 18 months.
  4. Time: Requires reasonable break time for an employee to express breast milk for her nursing child each time the employee has a need to express the milk. Employers must count pumping time for the purpose of determining eligibility for health insurance.
  5. Space: The location must be in close proximity to the employee’s work area, and cannot be a toilet stall or restroom. The space needs to be shielded from view and free from intrusion from coworkers and the public. The space provided needs to be functional as a space for expressing breast milk. If the space is not dedicated to the nursing mother’s use, it must be available when needed in order to meet the statutory requirement. A space temporarily created or converted into a space or made available when needed by the nursing mother is sufficient.

View a detailed summary of Oregon versus federal workplace support law.

Report a problem or get help with workplace accommodation

Mothers who have concerns about their employer's compliance with Oregon law should contact the Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI), Wage and Hour Section.

Employers who want technical assistance should also contact the Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI), Wage and Hour Section.

Employer resources

Right to breastfeed in public law

ORS §109.001 gives women the right to breastfeed their child in a public place. This protection is needed since women breastfeeding in a public place may be asked to stop, leave or cover up, causing embarrassment and stigmatization. Embarrassment remains a barrier to breastfeeding.

Public pool regulations

Breastfeeding is allowed in a public swimming pool or deck area at the mother’s discretion.

See this guidance for more information.

Jury duty exemption

ORS §10.050 excuses breastfeeding mothers in Oregon from jury duty so long as they submit a written request.

Additional resources

U.S. Office of Personnel Management: Guide for Establishing a Federal Nursing Mother's Program

Photo courtesy of USBC.