Topics
A to Z
Data &
 Statistics
Forms &
Publications
News &
Advisories
Licensing &
Certification
Rules &
Regulations
Public Health
Directory
Annual Compliance Reporting
The federal Safe Drinking Water Act of 1996 requires that states submit an Annual Compliance Report to EPA by July 1 of each year presenting data on drinking water rule violations for the prior calendar year. States must 1) prepare the annual report, 2) make the annual report available to the general public, 3) publish and distribute summaries of the annual report, and 4) submit the annual report to EPA.

Our summary of the 2014 Oregon ACR is shown below. The summary shows the total number of rule violations reported to EPA and the total number of public water systems that had one or more rule violations during 2014 for key groups of regulated contaminants.

Oregon has 2,600 public water systems statewide that are subject to the federal safe drinking water requirements. These include cities, water districts, manufactured housing communities, schools, parks, and campgrounds. The 54 largest municipal water systems serve 70% of the population, yet 90% of the total number of water systems serve fewer than 500 people each. Federal regulations address 91 different drinking water contaminants. For most regulated contaminants, there is a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) established by EPA for that contaminant and an associated monitoring requirement. For a few of the regulated contaminants, EPA established Treatment Technique requirements instead of MCLs. Oregon water systems must monitor for these contaminants on specific schedules or monitoring periods that vary from monthly to every 3-9 years, and must demonstrate that the level of contaminants in the drinking water they supply is lower than the MCLs. The water systems engage private laboratories accredited by the Oregon Health Authority to analyze their drinking water samples, and the water supplier must report the results of their required samples to OHA. Oregon water systems submit a total of about 125,000 compliance sample results to OHA each year.

The 2014 Oregon ACR summary table shown below presents violation data for key contaminant groups that have MCLs. "Maximum Contaminant Level violation" means that the drinking water at a water system exceeded the MCL for a specific monitoring period. "Monitoring violation" means that sample results were not received at all or not received on time from a water supplier as required for a specific monitoring period. For each type of violation, both the total number of individual violations is listed, along with the total number of water systems that committed those violations. For detailed and current information on the drinking water quality at specific public water systems, see Drinking Water Data Online.

Most Oregon public water systems test their drinking water as required, submit the results on time, and demonstrate that their drinking water meets the maximum contaminant levels. We continue to work with all water suppliers to assure that drinking water quality problems are identified and corrected to protect people's health.


Oregon Drinking Water Services
2014 EPA Annual Compliance Report
Key
Contaminant
Group
Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) Violations
Monitoring Violations
Number of
Violations
Number of
Water Systems
with Violations
Number of
Violations
Number of
Water Systems
with Violations
Volatile Organic Chemicals: This is a group of 21 chemicals, such as degreasers and solvents. Water systems must monitor from annually to every 3 years. 20 systems failed to report all or part of these chemicals as required in 2014.
Synthetic Organic Chemicals: This is a group of 30 chemicals, such as pesticides. Water systems must monitor from annually to every 3 years. 16 systems failed to report all or part of these chemicals as required in 2014.
Inorganic Contaminants: This is a group of 16 contaminants, usually naturally occurring due to geology but also including nitrate from fertilizer use. One system failed to report all or part of the inorganic contaminant group in 2014; 108 failed to report nitrate only in 2014; and 20 failed to report arsenic only in 2014. Seven water systems report MCL exceedances for nitrate in 2014, and 14 reported MCL exceedances for arsenic in 2014.
Coliform Bacteria: Frequent bacteria monitoring is required of every water system as ongoing assurance that drinking water is free of microbes that can cause waterborne disease. Monitoring is required from every month to every quarter, with the number of samples based on the number of people served. Over half of all water system sample results statewide are for bacteria. 151 water systems identified the presence of bacteria in their water at some point during 2014, and took action to eliminate them. While 532 systems failed to submit samples at some point during 2014, 95% of all required bacteria samples statewide were submitted during the year.
Treatment Technique: EPA has established treatment techniques (TTs) to control unacceptable levels of turbidity and levels of contaminants, including viruses and some bacteria. Six systems violated a treatment technique for groundwater sources at some point during 2014, and 17 systems violated a treatment technique for surface water at some point during 2014. 54 surface water systems failed to submit as required a monthly operating report during 2014, and 39 groundwater systems failed to submit as required a monthly operating report during 2014.
Disinfection By-Products: Disinfection of drinking water, usually with chlorine, is the key means to assure that water is safe from microbes. Disinfection of drinking water can produce by-products that must be limited to protect health. Five water systems experienced by-product levels above MCLs during 2014, and 44 failed to monitor at some point during 2014.
Volatile Organic Chemicals 0 0 260 20
Synthetic Organic Chemicals 0 0 268 16
Inorganic Contaminants 0 0 11 1
Nitrates 10 7 118 108
Arsenic 44 14 25 20
Coliform Bacteria 208 151 831 532
Surface Water Treatment Rule 28 17 248 54
Groundwater Rule 13 6 93 39
Lead and Copper Rule N/A N/A 118 89
Disinfection By-Products 8 5 90 44

‚Äč