Policies to prevent FAS should focus on improving systems for prevention and treatment at a population-based level
In 1981, the first Surgeon General’s statement was made advising pregnant women not to drink alcoholic beverages. Since then, other Surgeons General have made similar statements, including the most recent in 2005. Public policy at the federal level resulted in labeling alcoholic beverages with warning labels for pregnant women in 1988 under the Alcoholic Beverage Labeling Act.
Policy makers should be aware of the impacts that children and adults with FAS have on the health care system. Because they may have additional disabilities, the costs can be high for healthcare.
Policies regarding FAS include:
- Addressing underage drinking and contraception;
- Addressing binge drinking by women and high-risk sexual activity (sexual activity while under the influence of alcohol);
- Screening pregnant women for alcohol and other drug use;
- Providing sufficient alcohol and other drug treatment opportunities for pregnant women;
- Ensuring children with FAS receive diagnostic services and resources;
- Ensuring that the foster care and educational systems are trained to deal with children who have FAS; and
- Addressing adults who have FAS in the criminal justice system.
Find out more
Cost of FASD in Oregon (pdf)
FASD by the numbers (pdf)
What policy makers should know (pdf)
What school systems should know about students with FAS (pdf)
What the substance abuse treatment system should know (pdf)
What the foster care system should know (pdf)
The language of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (pdf)
FASD and Juvenile Justice: How professionals can make a difference (pdf)
Overview of FAS (PowerPoint)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Competency-based curriculum development guide (pdf)