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Parvovirus (Human) B19 Antibodies, IgG and IgM

Updated

9/22/2009

Other Names
Parvo; Erythema Infectiosum; Fifth Disease
How to Order
Check the Parvovirus box on the Virology/Immunology request (form 42)
Availability
All Clients
Methodology
Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA)
Performed
Weekly
Time to Reporting
1 to 6 working days after receipt of specimen.
CPT Code
86747 x 2


Specimen Collection Details

Collection
One 7 ml red top tube or serum separator tube (SST). Plasma is also an acceptable specimen type.
Optimal Volume
Blood: 5 ml; Serum or plasma 1-2 ml
Minimum Volume
Blood: 3 ml; Serum or plasma 1 ml
Handling
After blood clots, keep specimen refrigerated until transport. DO NOT FREEZE. If possible remove the serum from the clot as soon as possible. Sample must be tested within 7 days of collection.
Transport
Refrigerated at 2-8° C.
Rejection Criteria
Contaminated, lipemic, icteric or grossly hemolyzed specimens; specimens received without proper patient identifiers on specimen tube and/or request form; and specimens received with requests without submitter information will be rejected.
Comments
This test is used for serological determination of past, recent or current infection with Parvovirus B19. It is also used for testing women of childbearing age to determine serological status where there is a suspicion of exposure to Parvovirus B19. Additionally, the assay may also be used in the diagnosis of fifth disease (erythema infectiosum).